ZISHA TEAPOT FANG GU, HANDMADE BY ARTIST LEVEL 3, WANG LI-JUAN 王利娟(L3-2019)皱皮朱泥 仿古壶

ZISHA TEAPOT FANG GU, HANDMADE BY ARTIST LEVEL 3, WANG LI-JUAN 王利娟(L3-2019)皱皮朱泥 仿古壶

Regular price $364.00 $0.00


壶型:仿古 FANG GU

泥料:皱皮 小煤窑朱泥 ZHU NI

容量:230ml

 Fang Gu teapot, one of the essential "Three Musketeers" for teapot enthusiasts, originated from the drums used on ancient battlefields. Drums, as instruments to boost morale during clashes between two armies, played a role in cheering on the soldiers, sounding the retreat, and more. When referring to the Antique-style teapot, the term "Antique" is a representation of imitating the drum.

Traditional Chinese drums mainly originated from the central plains, with more than 20 varieties recorded before the Qin and Han dynasties. Despite varying in size and height, they were mostly characterized by a cylindrical shape with a thick waist.

According to records, one account suggests that it was initially created by Shao Daheng in the Qing Dynasty with the original intention of mimicking the shape of a drum. Over time, people started making teapots in this style, and the term "Antique-style" came to signify imitating ancient teapot shapes.

Another account traces it back to the modern era, where Zhao Songting, under the guidance of Wu Daizheng, crafted teapots with a flat body, bulging belly like a drum, tall neck, and a smooth lid. The teapot lid and mouth rim aligned seamlessly, forming a complete circular line, the flat knob being robust, and the rainbow knob having a natural flow. The circular handle rose evenly, with some styles having a droop at the bottom, creating a lively effect. The overall structure was well-proportioned, exhibiting a harmonious balance between contraction and expansion.

There are several conventions for Antique-style teapots:

Short Antique-style teapots have an overall elliptical profile.

The lid of the teapot is outside the elliptical outline.

The lid surface becomes a segment of a large ellipse, and the lid itself constitutes a central ellipse.

The lower contour line of the central ellipse is hidden within the upper end of the teapot body, not visible but must be felt.

The spout is also an ellipse, so the three ellipses should be different in size but have a consistent shape, appearing coherent and responsive. Moreover, the long axes of the three ellipses should have a golden ratio relationship.

Visually, the distance between the handle and the mouth of the Antique-style teapot should be exactly equal, forming a harmonious airflow between the handle and the spout, and the connection between the end and the teapot body should be symmetrical, and smooth, and should not disrupt the teapot's contour line.

The teapot body should be plump with a sense of expansion. The lid and the teapot body should form a seamless unity, with the lid edge and the mouth rim being smooth and full, like tightly closed lips.

仿古壶源于古代战场上的鼓,鼓作为两军交锋时鼓舞士气的工具,擂鼓助威,鸣金收兵,说的就是它,仿古应为仿鼓。

中国传统的鼓多源于中原,秦汉前已有20余种。虽大小高矮不同,但几乎都是粗腰筒状。

据记载,一说清代邵大亨初创,原意是壶体仿照鼓型,后人仿制做这种壶形就成了仿古代壶型的意思了。

另一说最早见于近代赵松亭按吴大徴授意所作,身扁、腹鼓、颈高、盖板平滑,壶盖与口沿子母线吻合严密,合成圆线饱满,扁钮有力,虹钮有势,二弯流胥出自然;圆圈把匀势而起,有些款把圆下有垂,富于灵动,整体骨肉亭匀,收展有度,有一气呵成之畅。

仿古壶的规矩良多:

矮的仿古壶,整体的轮廓线是个长椭圆型;

 壶的盖子是在椭圆轮廓线外面的。这样盖面就成了大椭圆的一段弧线,盖子本身构成一个中椭圆。中椭圆的下部轮廓线是隐于壶身上端之内的,看不见但必需能感觉到。子口也是个椭圆,这样三个椭圆应该是大小不一样但外形很一致,显得连贯呼应。另外三个椭圆的长轴应该有黄金分割比例关系。直观看,仿古壶的把和嘴与壶口的夹角距离应该完全相等,把与嘴要形成贯气,端部与壶身暗接处要对称流畅且不可以伤壶体轮廓线。壶身要丰满,有膨胀感。盖与壶身要浑然一体,盖沿与壶口沿要平整丰满,如紧闭之双唇。

仿古壶是经典的紫砂壶型之一,经数百年无数名家锤炼,可谓是炉火纯青。

其壶体古朴、大方、端庄、凝重,符合收藏家的审美需求。壶身扁圆,饱满充实,气度不凡,亦有圆圆满满之寓意。现在就拥有一把仿古。

泥料

原矿朱泥,胎骨坚硬而沉实,色泽朱红略泛桔光,温润透明质感之佳,与清中期好的朱泥无异;大器无法烧成,小品烧成后穀皱纹隐现,颇具古代朱泥风华。

朱泥的土质成份,其特色是含有极高的氧化铁,约在14%到18%之间,这是朱泥烧成后壶身成为红色的主要原因。
由于朱泥的泥性甚娇,成型工艺难度亦高,而朱泥由生坯至烧成,因收缩率高达30%至40%,故一般成品良率约仅七成。 温馨提醒:朱泥壶使用前须先温壶。

【窑温】约1065~1700度

【收缩比】25%以上

【矿产地】江苏宜兴

【泥性】须以高窑温攻之,收缩比高

【难度】较易跳砂、变型、窑裂;泥胚疏松故成型易开裂,结合较难掌握,制作时开口易掉砂,细部处理须高技巧与耐心。收缩比率大、成品率低、大器难烧成

【特点】周身密布粗犷颗粒,形成特殊风格;红润又具砂感,器身明显成双气孔结构,空气对流顺畅,别于一般陶器;质朴拙雅,美冠群伦,人气之佳历数百年而不衰

【冲茗特性】热淋变色率高,养后愈显红润,易现包浆之美;亲茶性高,冲茗醇厚甘甜,易掌时间,不熟汤气,隔夜不馊

【冲泡建议】乌龙,铁观音,普洱茶,绿茶等

作者 

 王利娟(L3-2019 Awarded in 2019) 

 


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